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The novel is today the longest genre of narrative prose fiction, followed by the novella.
However, in the 17th century, critics saw the romance as of epic length and the novel as its short rival.
Longus is the author of the Greek novel, Daphnis and Chloe (2nd century AD).
Romance or chivalric romance is a type of narrative in prose or verse popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
The novel in the modern era usually makes use of a literary prose style.
The development of the prose novel at this time was encouraged by innovations in printing, and the introduction of cheap paper in the 15th century.
The novel constitutes "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years", with its origins in classical Greece and Rome, in medieval and early modern romance, and in the tradition of the Italian renaissance novella.
(Since the 18th century, the term "novella", or "novelle" in German, has been used in English and other European languages to describe a long short story or a short novel.) Murasaki Shikibu's Tale of Genji, an early 11th-century Japanese text, has sometimes been described as the world's first novel, but there is considerable debate over this — there were certainly long fictional works much earlier.
are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term".
Novels can, on the other hand, depict the social, political and personal realities of a place and period with clarity and detail not found in works of history.
While prose rather than verse became the standard of the modern novel, the ancestors of the modern European novel include verse epics in the Romance language of southern France, especially those by Chrétien de Troyes (late 12th century), and in Middle English (Geoffrey Chaucer's (c. Even in the 19th century, fictional narratives in verse, such as Lord Byron's Don Juan (1824), Alexander Pushkin's Yevgeniy Onegin (1833), and Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Aurora Leigh (1856), competed with prose novels.
Vikram Seth's The Golden Gate (1986), composed of 590 Onegin stanzas, is a more recent example of the verse novel.
Both in 12th-century Japan and 15th-century Europe, prose fiction created intimate reading situations.A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book.